The Pleurotus mushroom is generally referred to as `Oyster Mushroom' or `Dhingri' in India. It is a basidiomycete and belongs to the Genus `Pleurotus'.
The fruit bodies of this mushroom are distinctly shell, fan or spatula shaped with different shades of white, cream, grey, yellow, pink or light brown depending upon the species.
The oyster mushroom is one of the most suitable fungal organism for producing protein rich food from various agrowastes without composting. It is related to the similarly cultivated king oyster mushroom.
The Button mushroom is a gilled fungus which naturally occurs in Europe and North America,though now occurs much more widely. Also called the table mushroom, white mushroom, common mushroom, cultivated mushroom, and called champignon de Paris in France, it is one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms in the world.
An agaric, its gills are often left on in preparations. Button mushrooms are fairly rich in vitamins and minerals.The mushroom contains an especially high amount of vitamin B and potassium.
Raw mushrooms are naturally cholesterol, fat, and sodium free.The mushrooms also have very low energy levels - five medium-sized button mushrooms added together.
Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) can be grown on wide range of substrates as in case of oyster mushroom. It can be grown on substrates containing lignin, cellulose and hemicelluloses. Substrate should be fresh and dry.
Substrates exposed to rain or harvested premature (green color) are prone to various weed moulds which may result in failure of the crop.
It can be grown on straw of paddy, wheat, ragi, maize/bajra/cotton stalks and leaves, sugarcane bagasse, cotton and jute wastes, dehulled maize cobs, tea/coffee waste etc., However cereal straw (paddy/wheat) easily available in abundance, is being widely used.
Translated from Japanese, "shii" refers to the tree on which these mushrooms originally grew, while "také" simply means mushroom. These little beauties are venerated not just because of their primordial origin, but because of the many health-boosting properties they contain, discovered over centuries of ancient medicine.
Comparing the vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and phytonutrients between foods, shiitake mushrooms are completely unique. Copper figures most prominently, with 65% of the daily value per serving, significant because copper is one of the few metallic elements accompanied by amino and fatty acids, essential to human health. Linoleic acid is one. Since the body can't synthesize copper, our diets must supply it regularly.
Another name for Hericium Erinaceus is Hedgehog Mushroom. It is also referred to as Satyr’s Beard or the Bearded Tooth Fungus or the Bearded Tooth Mushroom.
The mushroom is also known to positively counter with osteoporosis. This condition normally comes with advancing age. The bones, particularly those of the spine, begin to corrode and become weak. This can sometimes cause pain especially if the person is exposed to pressure. Hericium Erinaceus slows down the rate at which the bones corrode and encourage a sort of repair process. It also lulls the pain and gives back some peace to the patient.
Ganoderma lucidum, an oriental fungus, has a long history of use for promoting health and longevity in China, Japan, and other Asian countries. It is a large, dark mushroom with a glossy exterior and a woody texture.
Ganoderma mushroom can enhance immune function through its effects on white blood cells, which help fight infection and cancer. This may occur primarily in those who are ill, as mixed results have been seen in those who are healthy.